Reminding Inspiring Advising

The Lady of Light

Born five years before prophethood, her birth was of no ordinary occurrence. Her mother, Khadija Bint Khuwalid was refused help at the time of delivery by the Quraishy women for being “Muhammad’s wife”. The women of Jannah, Hawwa (wife of Adam), Asiya (wife of Pharaoh), Umm Kulthum (sister of Musa) and Mariam (mother of Isa) upon them be peace came to assist her. Thus was born Fatima bint Muhammad (may Allah be pleased with her). 


Fatima means the one who protects those from falling into the fire of Hell. Amongst her titles were Batool (pure one) as she was a devotee of Allah Almighty. Free from the lusts and desires of this world, Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) use to be lost in the worship of Allah Almighty. Her heart and soul constantly longed for her Creator. Her other titles were Az-Zahra (the flower) being the beautiful flower of her father (peace be upon him). The title given by Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) was Umme-Abhiha (the mother of her father), as her concern and uttermost love was always for her father. 


Fatima Az-Zahra (may Allah be pleased with her) from a young age watched the mission of Islam grow. She witnessed the torment and suffering her father (peace be upon him) had to endure during the early years. She was the first to defend her father from the ridicule and mockery of the disbelievers. Once whilst the Prophet (peace be upon him) was prostrating at the Ka’ba, Uqbah bin Abi Mu’eet, along with Abu Jahl and some other disbelievers threw the intestines of a camel over the head of Rasool Allah (peace be upon him). At the tender age of ten, Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) came running to wipe away the filth. She stood infront of the Messenger (peace be upon him) scolding the disbelievers, furious at their vile behaviour. 


During the most impressionable years of her life, she stood shadow at all the events that took place. She along with her mother and the early Muslims endured three years of social and economic boycott in the valley of Abu Talib. Losing Sayyida Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her) soon after, she was with Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) when the message of Islam became public to all the Makkans. She also witnessed her father being rejected by the people of Ta’if.  During the time of Hijra, Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) waited at the place of Quba till Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) and her family arrived. This just shows the immense love Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) had for his beloved daughter. Every major battle, Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) stood side by side with the Muhajir and Ansar women healing the wounded with courage and perseverance. It was she who burnt wood to stop the flow of blood from her father’s head during the battle of Uhud. 


The great personality of Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) was the very embodiment of her father. Sayyida Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) reports: “I have not seen anyone the like of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in manners, habits, character and the way of sitting and standing more than Fatima, the daughter of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)”. (At-Tirmidhi)


Whenever Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) visited Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her), she would receive him and kiss his forehead with reverence and respect. They were exceptionally close to each other and whenever Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) visited her father, He would stand up to receive her. If Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) ever saw Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) troubled or sad it would also grieve the Messenger (peace be upon him) and if He (peace be upon him) saw her happy, He also would be happy. According to Miswar b. Makhrama (may Allah be pleased with him), Allah’s Messenger said: “Fatima is the branch of my personality (she bears the fruits of blessings of my prophethood); whatever pleases her pleases me and whatever hurts her hurts me.” (Ahmed and Al-Hakim)


At the age of eighteen, Sayyida Fatima was wedded to Sayyidina Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). Their marriage was the divine commandment of Allah Almighty. Jibraeel (may Allah be pleased with him) told Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) that Allah Almighty had married Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) to Sayyidina Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) in the presence of forty-thousand angels in the heavens. They shared five children: Sayyidina Hassan, Sayyidina Hussain, Sayyida Ruqqayya, Sayyida Umm-Kulthum and Sayyidina Muhsin (who passed away whilst in his mother’s womb). The family of Sayyida Fatima was very beloved to Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) as Sayyidina Hassan and Hussain were the inheritors of the Prophetic attributes.


The passing of Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) was very hard on Sayyida Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her). Though she was the first to meet her father six months later after his passing, it was said she never smiled ever again. At the tender age of twenty-nine, she was buried during the cover of the night by Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) at Jannatul-Baqi. Thus the leader of the virtuous women of Paradise set out on her journey to Paradise. 


Aaisha Amin 

Graduate Jamia Al-Karam